http://www.innovativegis.com/basis/Default_files/image002.jpgBeyond Mapping Compilation Series

   

by Joseph K. Berry

 

…Beyond Mapping columns appearing in GeoWorld (formally GIS World) magazine

    from March 1989 through December 2013.

 

 

Most GIS applications have focused on mapping and spatial data management for viewing and geo-query of mapped data.  Map analysis and GIS modeling involve entirely new spatial reasoning concepts and procedures that are not reflected in our paper map legacy.  The four books in the Beyond Mapping Compilation Series are based on Joe Berry’s popular "Beyond Mapping" columns in GIS World/GeoWorld magazine that discusses the new breed of map analysis tools, how they can be used to better characterize and communicate spatial relationships, be organized into effective GIS model solutions, and spark entirely new spatial paradigms. The topics covered are written for novices, as well as GIS professionals, in a witty style that entertains as well as informs. 

 

(click to access additional Chronological, Applications, Interactive and Index Listings with hyperlinks to individual Beyond Mapping columns)

 

 (click for a hardcopy version of this document)

______________________________________________________________

 

Operations Listing

with hyperlinks to individual Beyond Mapping columns

 

The following Operations Listing contains all of Beyond Mapping (BM) columns appearing in GeoWorld from 1989 through 2013 alphabetically sorted into ten General themes, fifteen Analysis groupings and twelve Statistics groupings (< click> on any of the items to jump to that grouping)

 

General Themes:

Spatial Analysis Classes:

Spatial Statistics Classes:

ConceptualFramework_Modeling (9 columns)

Distance_AccumulationSurface (5 columns)

Map_ComparisonContinuousData (2 columns)

ConceptualFramework_Operations (12 columns)

Distance_Connectivity (3 columns)

Map_ComparisonDiscreteData (3 columns)

Distance_EffectiveProximity (24 columns)

Map_ComparisonTtest (1 column)

DataConsiderations_Accuracy (6 columns)

Distance_Narrowness (2 columns)

Map_Normalization (6 columns)

DataConsiderations_Input (2 columns)

Distance_Routing (17 columns)

DataConsiderations_Structure (26 columns)

Distance_TravelTime (6 columns)

SpatialDataMining_Classification (3 columns)

Distance_VisualExposure (8 columns)

SpatialDataMining_Clustering (5 columns)

Display_2D3D (3 columns)

 

SpatialDataMining_Regression (6 columns)

Neighborhood_Configuration (10 columns)

SpatialDataMining_Similarity (2 columns)

Education_Approaches (9 columns)

Neighborhood_Summary (10 columns)

 

 

 

SurfaceModeling_Accuracy (3 columns)

General_Historical (12 columns)

Overlay_CellbyCellCoincidence (15 columns)

SurfaceModeling_DensityAnalysis (2 columns)

General_Overview (36 columns)

Overlay_MapWide (1 column)

SurfaceModeling_Interpolation (16 columns)

 

Overlay_RegionWide (2 columns)

SurfaceModeling_PointSampling (2 columns)

Processing_Approaches (7 columns)

 

 

 

Reclassify_Contiguity (2 columns)

 

 

Reclassify_InitialValue (1 column)

 

 

Reclassify_Shape (6 columns)

 

Note: The colors in column 1 and 5 indicate the book—  blue= Book IV, GIS Modeling;  Salmon= Book III, Map Analysis;  green= Book II, Spatial Reasoning; and,  Grey= Book I, Beyond Mapping.  When viewing the results of sorting on Groupings of Approaches and Operations or Application Areas the colors are helpful in quickly identifying the Book associated with each record (original Beyond Mapping column) appearing in the reorganized listing.

 

General Themes:

 

 

Note: The colors in column 1 and 5 indicate the book—  blue= Book IV, GIS Modeling;  Salmon= Book III, Map Analysis;  green= Book II, Spatial Reasoning; and,  Grey= Book I, Beyond Mapping.  When viewing the results of sorting on Groupings of Approaches and Operations or Application Areas the colors are helpful in quickly identifying the Book associated with each record (original Beyond Mapping column) appearing in the reorganized listing.

 

 

 

Date Code

 

(Col 1)

Month

 

(Col 2)

Year

 

(Col 3)

Column Title/Description

 

(Col 4)

Book/

 

Topic/Section

 

(Col 5)

Groupings of  Operations

 

(Col 6)

Groupings of  Applications

 

(Col 7)

2010.11

November

2010

A Suitable Framework for GIS Modeling  describes a framework for suitability modeling based on a flowchart of model logic

B4, Topic 5, S5

ConceptualFramework_Modeling

NaturalResources_Suitability

2010.10

October

2010

Putting GIS Modeling Concepts in Their Place  develops a typology of GIS modeling types and characteristics

B4, Topic 5, S4

ConceptualFramework_Modeling

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1997.08

August

1997

Varied Applications Drive GIS Perspectives  discusses how map analysis is enlarging the traditional view of mapping

B3, Epilog, Further Reading4

ConceptualFramework_Modeling

Basic_Discussion

1996.01

January

1996

Extending Basic Models through Logic Modifications  describes extensions to a simple Landslide Susceptible model by adding additional criteria that changes a model’s structure

B2, Topic 8, S2

ConceptualFramework_Modeling

NaturalResources_Suitability

1995.22

February

1995

Layers to Tapestry (supplement) — describes an interactive environment for diagramming GIS Logic and processing flows

B2, Topic 5, S3

ConceptualFramework_Modeling

Basic_Discussion

1995.12

December

1995

From Recipes to Models  describes basic Binary and Rating model expressions using a simple Landslide Susceptible model

B2, Topic 8, S1

ConceptualFramework_Modeling

NaturalResources_Suitability

1993.05

May

1993

Is Conflict Resolution an Oxymoron?  discusses how weights are used combining individual map layers of concern to derive an overall map of suitability that reflects group consensus

B1, Topic 10, S4

ConceptualFramework_Modeling

NaturalResources_Planning

1993.04

April

1993

Maps Speak Louder than Words describes analysis procedures that translate decision-maker concerns into maps

B1, Topic 10, S3

ConceptualFramework_Modeling

NaturalResources_Planning

1993.02

February

1993

GIS Mirrors Perceptions of Decision Criteria describes a flowcharting procedure that expresses GIS model logic in a clear and concise form

B1, Topic 10, S1

ConceptualFramework_Modeling

Basic_ConceptsApproach

2013.10

October

2013

Laying the Foundation for SpatialSTEM: Spatial Mathematics, Map Algebra and Map Analysis — discusses the conceptual foundation and intellectual shifts needed for SpatialSTEM

Topic 9, S6

ConceptualFramework_Operations

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2013.02

February

2013

Recasting Map Analysis Operations for General Consumption — reorganizes ArcGIS’s Spatial Analyst tools into the SpatialSTEM framework that extends traditional math/stat procedures

B4, Topic 9, Further Reading4

ConceptualFramework_Operations

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2013.01

January

2012

SpatialSTEM Has Deep Mathematical Roots — provides a conceptual framework for a map-ematical treatment of mapped data

B4, Topic 9, S1

ConceptualFramework_Operations

GIS_Education

2012.05

May

2012

Infusing Spatial Character into Statistics — describes a statistical structure for spatial statistics operations

B4, Topic 9, S3

ConceptualFramework_Operations

GIS_Education

2012.04

April

2012

Simultaneously Trivializing and Complicating GIS — describes a mathematical structure for spatial analysis operations

B4, Topic 9, S2

ConceptualFramework_Operations

GIS_Education

2012.03

March

2012

Paint by Numbers Outside the Traditional Statistics Box — discusses the nature of Spatial Statistics operations

B4, Topic 9, Further Reading2

ConceptualFramework_Operations

GIS_Education

2012.02

February

2012

Map-ematically Messing with Mapped Data — discusses the nature of grid-based mapped data and Spatial Analysis operations

B4, Topic 9, Further Reading1

ConceptualFramework_Operations

GIS_Education

2004.03

March

2004

Use a Map-ematical Framework for GIS Modeling  describes a conceptual structure for map analysis operations and GIS modeling 

B3, Topic 3, S1

ConceptualFramework_Operations

Basic_Discussion

1996.03

March

1996

Classifying the Analytical Capabilities of GIS  discusses the differences and similarities in the Berry and Tomlin map analysis classification schemes

B2, Topic 7, S2

ConceptualFramework_Operations

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1995.21

February

1995

Dodge the GIS Modeling Babble Ground  identifies a Classification Guide for categorizing GIS models

B2, Topic 5, S2

ConceptualFramework_Operations

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

1995.01

January

1995

What’s in a Model?  discusses a conceptual framework for GIS model types and characteristics

B2, Topic 5, S1

ConceptualFramework_Operations

Basic_Discussion

1991.07

July

1991

Special URISA Issue — no BM column; special supplement made available,  A Mathematical Structure for Analyzing Maps— a 1986 journal article establishing a framework for map analysis/modeling

B1, Epilog, S3

ConceptualFramework_Operations

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

1991.04

Apr/Mar

1991

What’s Needed to Go Beyond Mapping  lists and describes the analytical tools needed to go beyond mapping

B1, Topic 4, S2

ConceptualFramework_Operations

Basic_Discussion

2008.02

February

2008

How to Determine Exactly “Where Is What”  discusses the levels of precision (correct placement) and accuracy (correct characterization)

B4, Topic 5, S2

DataConsiderations_Accuracy

Basic_ConceptsData

2007.03

March

2007

Understand Resolution to “Think with Maps”  discusses the factors that determine the “informational scale” digital maps

B4, Intro, S2

DataConsiderations_Accuracy

Basic_ConceptsData

2002.08

August

2002

Maps Are Numbers First, Pictures Later  discusses the numeric and geographic characteristics of map values

B3, Topic 1, S2

DataConsiderations_Accuracy

Basic_Discussion

1994.12

December

1994

Resolving Map Detail  discusses the four basic types Map Resolution (Spatial, Minimum Mapping, Thematic, Temporal) that define the level of detail in a digital map as dramatically different from the traditional concept of Map Scale

B2, Topic 7, S3

DataConsiderations_Accuracy

Basic_ConceptsData

1994.10

October

1994

Empirical Verification Assesses Mapping Performance — describes procedures for assessing mapping performance through Error Matrix (discrete) and Residual Analysis (continuous)

B2, Topic 4, S4

DataConsiderations_Accuracy

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1993.03

March

1993

Effective Standards Required to Go Beyond Mapping  identifies and describes four levels of GIS standards (data Exchange, Geographic, Algorithmic and Interpretational)

B1, Topic 10, S2

DataConsiderations_Accuracy

Basic_ConceptsData

1995.11

November

1995

Heads-Up and Feet-Down Digitizing  discusses the design components of a GIS/GPS/RS field unit

B2, Topic 9, S3

DataConsiderations_Input

Basic_ConceptsData

1995.09

September

1995

Put Things in Their Proper Places with GPS  identifies the basic concepts, principles and theoretical underpinnings of the Global Positioning System (GPS)

B2, Topic 9, S1

DataConsiderations_Input

Basic_ConceptsData

2013.09

September

2013

The Spatial Key to Seeing the Big Picture — describes a five step process for generating grid map layers from spatially tagged data

B4, Topic 9, Further Reading3

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2013.06

June

2013

Setting a Place at the Table for Grid-based Data — describes the differences between individual file and table storage approaches

B4, Topic 1, S4

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2013.03

March

2013

Depending on Where is What — develops an organizational structure for spatial statistics

B4, Topic 9, S5

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsApproach

2012.10

October

2012

To Boldly Go Where No Map Has Gone Before identifies Lat/Lon as a Universal Spatial Key for joining database tables

B4, Topic 9, S4

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2012.09

September

2012

Organizing Geographic Space for Effective Analysis an overview of data organization for grid-based map analysis

B4, Topic 1, S1

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2011.12

December

2011

VtoR and Back! describes various techniques for converting between vector and raster data types

B4, Topic 1, S3

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2011.10

October

2011

The Universal Key for Unlocking GIS’s Full Potential outlines a global referencing system approach compatible with standard DBMS systems

B4, Topic 7, S6

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2009.12

December

2009

From a Map Pancake to a Soufflé — continues the discussion of concepts and configuration of a 3D GIS

B4, Topic 10, Further Reading1

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2009.11

November

2009

Thinking Outside the Box — discusses concepts and configuration of 3-dimensional geography

B4, Topic 10, S4

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2009.10

October

2009

Visualizing a Three-dimensional Reality — uses visual connectivity to introduce and reinforce the paradigm of three-dimension geography

B4, Topic 10, S3

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2007.05

May

2007

Getting the Numbers Right  describes a classification scheme for map analysis operations based on how map values are retrieved for processing (Local, Focal, Zonal)

B4, Topic 5, S3

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2007.04

April

2007

Geo-Referencing Is the Cornerstone of GIS  describes current and alternative approaches for referencing geographic and abstract space

B4, Intro,S3

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2007.02

February

2007

Finding Common Ground in Paper and Digital Worlds  describes the similarities and differences in information and organization between traditional paper and digital maps

B4, Intro, S1

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2003.04

April

2003

Multiple Methods Help Organize Raster Data  discusses different approaches to storing raster data

B3, Topic 1, Further Reading1

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2001.03

March

2001

Integrate Travel-Time into Mapping Packages describes procedures for transferring travel-time data to other maps 

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading5

DataConsiderations_Structure

GeoBusiness_TravelTime

1998.07

Jul/Aug

1989

GIS Technology Is Technical Oz  discusses and compares the relative advantages/disadvantages between Vector and Raster processing

B1, Topic 1, S3

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1998.05

May

V2-3

1989

 It Depends: Implications of data structure  discusses and compares the similarities and differences between Vector and Raster data structure applications

B1, Topic 1, S2

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1998.03

March

V2-2

1989

Maps as Data: a 'Map-ematics' is Emerging  describes the differences between Discrete and Continuous mapped data

B1, Topic 1, S1

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1995.08

August

1995

Rasterized Lines and Vectorized Cells describes specialized offshoots of traditional raster and vector data formats

B2, Topic 6, S4

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1995.07

July

1995

How are your QUADS and TINS?  describes alternative Quadtree and Triangular Irregular Network data formats

B2, Topic 6, S3

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1995.06

June

1995

Raster is Faster, but Vector is Correcter   describes the structuring of traditional Vector data using explicit topology linking spatial and attribute tables

B2, Topic 6, S2

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1995.05

May

1995

Are You a GIS Dead Head?  describes the structuring of traditional Raster data using implicit topology based on the row/column positioning in a matrix

B2, Topic 6, S1

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1994.11

November

1994

What Does Your Computer Really Think of Your Map?  discusses Spatial Topology through the differences among Graphics Packages, Mapping Software, Spatial Database Management Systems, and GIS Analysis/Modeling Systems

B2, Topic 7, S1

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1993.09

September

1993

Terminology Accelerates Your Intellectual Depletion Allowance  introduces the concepts and organization used in GIS databases comprised of multiple map layers

B1, Intro, S3

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1993.08

August

1993

GIS Maps Are Dumb  compares the basic Vector and Raster data structure approaches for storing individual map layers

B1, Intro, S2

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

1993.07

July

1993

Coming to Terms with Terminology  describes the underlying theory of how point, line and areal features are stored in Vector and Raster GISs

B1, Intro, S1

DataConsiderations_Structure

Basic_ConceptsData

2011.11

November

2011

Contour Lines versus Color Gradients for Displaying Spatial Information  discusses the similarities and differences between discrete contour line and continuous gradient procedures for visualizing map surfaces

B4, Topic 1, S4

Display_2D3D

Basic_ConceptsApproach

2003.06

June

2003

Use Mapping “Art” to Visualize Values  describes procedures for generating contour maps

B3, Topic 1, Further Reading2

Display_2D3D

Basic_ConceptsApproach

2002.07

July

2002

Grids and Lattices Build Visualizations  describes Lattice and Grid forms of map surface display

B3, Topic 1, S1

Display_2D3D

Basic_ConceptsData

2012.06

June

2012

Questioning GIS in Higher Education — describes thoughts and notes from a panel discussion on “GIS in Higher Education”

B4, Topic 6, Further Reading

Education_Approaches

GIS_Education

2011.01

January

2011

Which Direction Are You Headed?  describes four perspectives on the trailing “S” in the GIS acronym from a GIS’ers Perspective

B4, Topic 6, S1

Education_Approaches

Basic_Discussion

2010.03

March

2010

Fitting Square Pegs into Round GIS Educational Holes discusses the need to engage non-GIS students in developing spatially distributed solutions

B4, Topic 6, S4

Education_Approaches

GIS_Education

2010.02

February

2010

GIS Education’s Need for “Hitchhikers” — establishes the need for engaging “domain experts” in moving geotechnology to the next level  

B4, Topic 6, S3

Education_Approaches

GIS_Education

2010.01

January

2010

A Quick Peek Outside GIS’s Disciplinary Cave  discusses future directions of geotechnology with particular emphasis on career outlook and GIS education

B4, Topic 6, S2

Education_Approaches

GIS_Education

2009.07

July

2009

Melding the Minds of the “-ists” and “-ologists  elaborates on the two basic mindsets driving the geotechnology community

B4, Topic 6, Further Reading2

Education_Approaches

NaturalResources_Planning

2003.05

May

2003

Turning GIS Education on Its Head  describes the numerous GIS career pathways and the need to engage prospective students from a variety of fields

B3, Epilog, Further Reading6

Education_Approaches

GIS_Education

1993.06

June

1993

Special URISA Issue — no BM column; special supplement made available, Learning Computer-Assisted Map Analysis — a 1986 journal article describing how “old-fashioned math and statistics can go a long way toward helping us understand GIS” 

B1, Epilog, S2

Education_Approaches

GIS_Education

1992.08

August

1992

A Tailored Plan and Curriculum Cure GIS Training Woes  describes and discusses the importance of effective education and training needed for successful GIS adoption

B1, Topic 8, S3

Education_Approaches

GIS_Education

2013.12

December

2013

Where Do We Go from Here?  Swan Song after 25 years of Beyond Mapping columns

Epilog, S2

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

2008.01

January

2008

Explore the Softer Side of GIS — describes a Manual GIS (circa 1950) and the relationship between social science conceptual frameworks for understanding/judgment in GIS modeling  

B4, Topic 5, Further Reading1

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

2007.08

August

2007

GIS Innovation Drives Its Evolution — discusses the cyclic nature of GIS innovation (Mapping, Structure and Analysis)

B4, Topic 10, S1

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

2007.01

January

2007

A Multifaceted GIS Community — investigates the technical shifts and cultural impacts of the rapidly expanding GIS tent of users, application developers and tool programmers 

B3, Epilog, S2

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

2006.12

December

2006

Pathways to GIS — explores different paths of GIS adoption for five disciplines (Natural Resources, Facilities Management, Public Health, Business and Precision Agriculture)

B3, Epilog, S1

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

2006.11

November

2006

Contemporary GIS and Future Directions — discusses contemporary GIS and probable future directions (Multimedia Mapping and Spatial Reasoning/Dialog)

B3, Intro, S2

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

2006.10

October

2006

Early GIS Technology and Its Expression — traces the early phases of GIS technology (Computer Mapping, Spatial Database Management and Map Analysis/Modeling)

B3, Intro, S1

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

1998.09

September

1998

GIS Software's Changing Roles  discusses the evolution of GIS software and identifies important trends

B3, Intro, Further Reading1

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

1996.11

November

1996

Does Anyone Object?  discusses some concerns of object-oriented GIS

B3, Intro, Further Reading4

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

1996.10

October

1996

Spatial Objects—the Parse and Parcel of GIS?  discusses database objects and their map expressions

B3, Intro, Further Reading3

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

1996.09

September

1996

What Is Object-Oriented Technology Anyway?  establishes the basic concepts in object-oriented technology

B3, Intro, Further Reading2

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

1996.07

July

1996

Don’t Forget the Human Factor: an Experiential GIS  describes an early experience (1980) in the application of GIS to land use planning involving the spatial expression and public hearing of a Comprehensive Plan of Development and Conservation

B2, Epilog, S1

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

1993.12

December

1993

Consider a GIS Modeler’s Toolkit  discusses an Object-Oriented Programming System approach to GIS model development

B2, Topic 1, S3

General_Historical

Basic_Discussion

2013.12

December

2013

Where Do We Go from Here?  Swan Song after 25 years of Beyond Mapping columns

 

B4, Epilog, S2

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

2013.11

November

2013

The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Sides of GIS  discusses the potential of geotechnology to hinder (or even thwart) societal progress

Epilog, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

2013.11

November

2013

The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Sides of GIS  discusses the potential of geotechnology to hinder (or even thwart) societal progress

B4, Epilog, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

2013.10

October

2013

Laying the Foundation for SpatialSTEM: Spatial Mathematics, Map Algebra and Map Analysis — discusses the conceptual foundation and intellectual shifts needed for SpatialSTEM

B4, Topic 9, S6

General_Overview

Basic_ConceptsApproach

2013.05

May

2013

Mixing It up in GIS Modeling’s Kitchen — an overview of map analysis and GIS modeling considerations

B4, Topic 5, S1

General_Overview

Basic_ConceptsApproach

2010.12

December

2010

GIS’s Supporting Role in the Future of Natural Resources  discusses the influence of human dimensions in natural resources and GIS technology’s role

B4, Topic 8, S6

General_Overview

NaturalResources_Planning

2009.03

March

2009

What’s in a Name  suggests and defines the new more comprehensive term “Geotechnology”

B4, Intro, Further Reading2

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

2009.02

February

2009

Is it Soup Yet?  describes the evolution in GIS definitions and terminology

B4, Intro, Further Reading1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

2007.12

December

2007

Lumpers and Splitters Propel GIS — describes the two camps of GIS (GeoExploration and GeoScience)

B4, Topic 6, Further Reading1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

2006.08

August

2006

Spatial Data Mining “Down on the Farm”  discusses process for moving from Whole-Field to Site-Specific management

B3, Topic 10, S6

General_Overview

PrecisionAgriculture_Process

2004.12

December

2004

Moving Mapping to Analysis of Mapped Data — describes Spatial Analysis and Spatial Statistics as extensions to traditional mapping and statistics

B3, Topic 2, S1

General_Overview

Basic_ConceptsApproach

2000.10

October

2000

Video Mapping Brings Maps to Life — describes how video maps are generated and discusses some applications of video mapping

B3, Intro, Further Reading9

General_Overview

Video_Mapping

2000.09

September

2000

Capture "Where and When" on Video-based GIS — describes how GPS-enabled video and digital still cameras work

B3, Intro, Further Reading8

General_Overview

Video_Mapping

2000.08

August

2000

How to Represent Changes in a Virtual Forest — discusses how simulations and "fly-bys" are used to visualize landscape changes and characteristics

B3, Intro, Further Reading7

General_Overview

VirtualReality_Mapping

2000.07

July

2000

How to Rapidly Construct a Virtual Scene — describes the procedures in generating a virtual scene from landscape inventory data 

B3, Intro, Further Reading6

General_Overview

VirtualReality_Mapping

2000.06

June

2000

Behind the Scenes of Virtual Reality — discusses the basic considerations and concepts in 3D-object rendering

B3, Intro, Further Reading5

General_Overview

VirtualReality_Mapping

1998.10

October

1998

GIS Data Are Rarely Normal  describes the basic non-spatial descriptive statistics

B3, Topic 9, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1997.09

September

1997

Diverse Student Needs Must Drive GIS Education  identifies new demands and students that are molding the future of GIS education

B3, Epilog, Further Reading5

General_Overview

GIS_Education

1997.06

June

1997

Where Is GIS Education  describes the broadening appeal of GIS and its impact on academic organization and infrastructure

B3, Epilog, Further Reading3

General_Overview

GIS_Education

1996.08

August

1996

Developing an Understanding GIS  describes the translation of mapped data to spatial information for decision-making

B2, Epilog, S2

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1996.06

June

1996

Analyzing Spatial Dependency between Maps  investigates multivariate analysis involving the coincidence of two or more map layers

B2, Topic 10, S3

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1996.05

May

1996

Analyzing Spatial Dependency within a Map  investigates univariate analysis involving spatial relationships within a single map layer

B2, Topic 10, S2

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1996.04

April

1996

The Unique Character of Spatial Analysis  discusses spatial analysis as deriving new spatial information based on geographic dependence within and among map variables

B2, Topic 10, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1995.04

April

1995

Explore a New Spatial Paradigm  discusses the movement from mapping and spatial inventories by technologists to spatial reasoning and dialog involving enlightened users in development of solutions to complex spatial problems

B2, Intro, S2

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1995.03

March

1995

Is the GIS Cart in Front of the Horse?  discusses driving forces, trends and forecasts in contemporary GIS from the perspective of modeling interrelationships among mapped variables

B2, Intro, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1994.06

June

1994

Build It and They Will Come  describes the tactical and conceptual considerations in GIS implementation

B2, Topic 3, S3

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1994.05

May

1994

What Can GIS Do for You?  identifies and discusses the seven basic types of questions addressed by GIS technology

B2, Topic 3, S2

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1994.04

April

1994

Question GIS before You Start  discusses the importance of an Information Needs Assessment (INA) and a GIS Reality Assessment (GRA)

B2, Topic 3, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1994.01

January

1994

Averages Are Mean  compares nonspatial and spatial distributions of field data

B2, Topic 2, S1

General_Overview

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1993.11

November

1993

Moving Toward a Humane GIS  describes an interactive link between GIS model logic and code

B2, Topic 1, S2

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1993.10

October

1993

Distinguishing Data from Information and Understanding  considers the fundamental concepts behind moving mapped data to information and ultimately to understanding

B2, Topic 1, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1992.07

July

1992

Bringing the GIS Paradigm to Closure — discusses the evolution and probable future of GIS technology

B1, Epilog, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1992.06

June

1992

GIS Is Never Having to Say You’re Sorry  discusses the human and organizational considerations in adopting GIS technology

B1, Topic 8, S2

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1992.05

May

1992

Both Dreams and Nightmares Are Born of Frustration  discusses the limitations of traditional cost/benefit analysis in evaluating the adoption of a radically new technology like GIS

B1, Topic 8, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1991.06

June

1991

Frankly My Dear, I Don’t Give a Damn  discusses how GIS modeling and spatial reasoning are changing policy formation and decision-making

B1, Topic 4, S4

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1991.05

May

1991

Who Says You Can’t Teach an Old Dog New Tricks?  describes the basic concepts and approaches used in GIS modeling

B1, Topic 4, S3

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

1991.02

Feb/Jan

1991

Technobabble  discusses the radical changes GIS technology and the digital map are bringing to traditional mapping

B1, Topic 4, S1

General_Overview

Basic_Discussion

2009.09

September

2009

GIS and the Cloud Computing Conundrum — describes cloud computing with particular attention to its geotechnology expression

B4, Topic 10, S2

Processing_Approaches

Basic_Discussion

1999.04

April

1999

GIS Represents Spatial Patterns and Relationships  discusses the important differences among discrete mapping , continuous map surfaces and map analysis

B3, Topic 2, Further Reading1

Processing_Approaches

Basic_Discussion

1999.03

March

1999

Observe the Evolving GIS Mindset  illustrates the "map-ematical" approach to analyzing mapped data 

B3, Epilog, Further Reading2

Processing_Approaches

Basic_Discussion

1999.02

February

1999

Is GIS Technology Ahead of Science? — discusses several issues surrounding the differences in the treatment of non-spatial and spatial data

B3, Epilog, Further Reading1

Processing_Approaches

Basic_Discussion

1998.07

July

1998

Explore Data Space  establishes the concept of "data space" and how mapped data conforms to this fundamental view

B3, Topic 10, Further Reading3

Processing_Approaches

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1998.06

June

1998

Link Data and Geographic Distributions  describes the direct link between numeric and geographic distributions 

B3, Topic 10, Further Reading2

Processing_Approaches

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1998.05

May

1998

Beware the Slippery Surfaces of GIS Modeling  discusses the relationships among maps, map surfaces and data distributions

B3, Topic 10, Further Reading1

Processing_Approaches

Basic_ConceptsApproach

 

_____________________________________________________________________________________

 

Return to Top of the listing

 

 

Permission to use portions of the Beyond Mapping Compilation Series collection of columns for educational

and non-commercial purposes is granted provided reference is made to the author and the URL

of the Beyond Mapping Compilation Series Topic of the online book containing the materials—

 

For example… Figure is from Berry, Beyond Mapping Compilation Series, Book I, Topic 4 “What GIS Is and Isn’t”

 

              posted at: www.innovativegis.com/Basis/BeyondMappingSeries/

 


Spatial Analysis Classes:

 

Note: The colors in column 1 and 5 indicate the book—  blue= Book IV, GIS Modeling;  Salmon= Book III, Map Analysis;  green= Book II, Spatial Reasoning; and,  Grey= Book I, Beyond Mapping.  When viewing the results of sorting on Groupings of Approaches and Operations or Application Areas the colors are helpful in quickly identifying the Book associated with each record (original Beyond Mapping column) appearing in the reorganized listing.

 

 

Date Code

 

(Col 1)

Month

 

(Col 2)

Year

 

(Col 3)

Column Title/Description

 

(Col 4)

Book/

 

Topic/Section

 

(Col 5)

Approaches and Operations

 

(Col 6)

Application Areas

 

(Col 7)

1998.01

January

1998

Analyzing Stepped Accumulation Surfaces  describes a technique for forcing an optimal path through a series of points

B3, Topic 8, Further Reading7

Distance_AccumulationSurface

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1997.12

December

1997

Determining Optimal Path Corridors  describes a technique for determining the set of nth best paths between two points

B3, Topic 8, Further Reading6

Distance_AccumulationSurface

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1997.11

November

1997

Analyzing Accumulation Surfaces  describes how two surfaces can be analyzed to determine the relative travel-time advantages 

B3, Topic 8, Further Reading5

Distance_AccumulationSurface

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1997.10

October

1997

Building Accumulation Surfaces  reviews how proximity analysis and effective distance is used to construct accumulation surfaces

B3, Topic 8, Further Reading4

Distance_AccumulationSurface

Basic_ConceptsApproach

1990.02

Feb/Mar

1990

Keep It Simple Stupid (KISS)  describes the use of “accumulation surfaces” for deriving optimal path density and Nth best paths

B1, Topic 2, S3

Distance_AccumulationSurface

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2009.05

May

2009

Identifying Upland Ridges  describes a procedure for locating extended upland ridges

B4, Topic 3, S3

Distance_Connectivity

Terrain_Analysis

2005.09

September

2005

Connect All the Dots to Find Optimal Paths  describes a procedure for determining an optimal path network from a dispersed set of end points

B3, Topic 8, Further Reading3

Distance_Connectivity

Infrastructure_Routing

2000.04

April

2000

Confluence Maps Further Characterize Micro-terrain Features describes the use of optimal path density analysis for mapping surface flows

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading15

Distance_Connectivity

Terrain_Analysis

2012.11

November

2012

Just How Crooked Are Things? discusses distance-related metrics for assessing crookedness

B4, Topic 2, Further Reading1

Distance_EffectiveProximity

NaturalResources_EmergencyResponse

2011.09

September

2011

Assessing Wildfire Response (Part 2): Jumping Right into It  describes map analysis procedures for determining initial response time for alternative attack modes

B4, Topic 8, Further Reading5

Distance_EffectiveProximity

NaturalResources_WildFire

2011.08

August

2011

Assessing Wildfire Response (Part 1): Oneth by Land, Twoeth by Air  discusses a spatial model for determining effective helicopter landing zones

B4, Topic 8, Further Reading4

Distance_EffectiveProximity

NaturalResources_WildFire

2011.03

March

2011

A Dynamic Tune-up for Distance Calculations  describes the algorithms for dynamic effective distance procedures involving intervening conditions

B4, Topic 2, S2

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2011.02

February

2011

Advancing the Concept of Effective Distance  describes the algorithms used in implementing Starter value advanced techniques

B4, Topic 2, S1

Distance_EffectiveProximity

NaturalResources_EmergencyResponse

2010.06

June

2010

A Twelve-step Program for Recovery from Flaky Forest Formulations  describes a spatial model for identifying Landings and Timbersheds

B4, Topic 8, Further Reading1

Distance_EffectiveProximity

NaturalResources_Harvesting

2010.05

May

2010

Extending Forest Harvesting’s Reach  discusses a multiplicative weighting method for model extension

B4, Topic 8, S2

Distance_EffectiveProximity

NaturalResources_Harvesting

2010.04

April

2010

Harvesting an Understanding of GIS Modeling  describes a prototype model for assessing off-road access to forest areas

B4, Topic 8, S1

Distance_EffectiveProximity

NaturalResources_Harvesting

2005.08

August

2005

Taking Distance to the Edge — discusses advance distance operations

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading3

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_Discussion

2005.07

July

2005

Calculate and Compare to Find Effective Proximity — describes how effective proximity is calculated

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading2

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2005.06

June

2005

Extend Simple Proximity to Effective Movement — discusses the concept of effective distance responding to relative and absolute barriers

B3, Topic 4, S4

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2005.05

May

2005

Use Cells and Rings to Calculate Simple Proximity — describes how simple proximity is calculated

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading1

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2005.04

April

2005

Measuring Distance Is Neither Here nor There — discusses the basic concepts of distance and proximity

B3, Topic 4, S3

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2005.01

January

2005

Bending Our Understanding of Distance — uses effective distance in establishing erosion setback to demonstrate spatial analysis

B3, Topic 2, S2

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2004.02

February

2004

Migration Modeling Determines Spill Effect  describes procedures for assessing overland and channel flow impacts

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading21

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Infrastructure_Pipeline

2004.01

January

2004

Use Available Tools to Calculate Flow Time and Quantity  discusses procedures for tracking flow time and quantity

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading20

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Infrastructure_Pipeline

2003.12

December

2003

Constructing Realistic Downhill Flows Proves Difficult  discusses procedures for characterizing path, sheet, horizontal and fill flows

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading19

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Infrastructure_Pipeline

2003.11

November

2003

Traditional Approaches Can’t Characterize Overland Flow  describes the basic considerations in overland flow

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading18

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Infrastructure_Pipeline

2000.11

November

2000

Extending GIS Procedures with Variable-Width Buffers  discusses the basic considerations in establishing variable-width buffers that respond to both intervening conditions and the type of connectivity 

B3, Topic 4, S1

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2000.05

May

2000

Modeling Erosion and Sediment Loading  illustrates a GIS model for assessing erosion potential and sediment loading

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading16

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Terrain_Analysis

1998.11

Nov/Dec

1989

As the Crow Walks  describes the use of “propagating waves” for calculating effective distance and optimal paths

B1, Topic 2, S2

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

1998.09

Sep/Oct

1989

You Can’t Get There from Here  introduces the similarities and differences between “simple” and “effective” distance measurement

B1, Topic 2, S1

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

1992.11

November

1992

Rubber Rulers Fit Reality Better  describes procedures for calculating effective distance that considers intervening absolute and relative barriers

B1, Topic 9, S3

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

1992.10

October

1992

Distance Is Simple and Straight Forward  describes simple distance calculation as a propagating wavefront 

B1, Topic 9, S2

Distance_EffectiveProximity

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2009.06

June

2009

A Narrow-minded Approach  describes how Narrowness maps are derived

B4, Topic 2, S4

Distance_Narrowness

NaturalResources_Suitability

1990.04

Apr/May

1990

There’s Only One Problem Having All this Sophisticated Equipment  discusses the basic approaches used for calculating narrowness and visual connectivity

B1, Topic 2, S4

Distance_Narrowness

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2013.01

January

2013

Optimal Path Density is not all that Dense (Conceptually) — uses Optimal Path Density Analysis to identify “corridors of common access”

B4, Topic 8, Further Reading3

Distance_Routing

NaturalResources_EmergencyResponse

2012.12

December

2012

Bringing Travel and Terrain Directions into Line describes comparison procedures and route evaluation techniques

B4, Topic 8, Further Reading2

Distance_Routing

NaturalResources_EmergencyResponse

2010.08

August

2010

Extending Emergency Response Beyond the Lines  discusses basic model processing and modifications for additional considerations

B4, Topic 8, S4

Distance_Routing

NaturalResources_EmergencyResponse

2010.07

July

2010

E911 for the Backcountry  describes development of an on- and off-road travel-time surface for emergency response

B4, Topic 8, S3

Distance_Routing

NaturalResources_EmergencyResponse

2009.08

August

2009

Use Spatial Sensitivity Analysis to Assess Model Response  develops an approach for assessing the sensitivity of GIS models

B4, Topic 5, Further Reading2

Distance_Routing

Infrastructure_Routing

2006.03

March

2006

Use LCP Procedures to Center Optimal Paths  discusses a procedure for eliminating “zig-zags” in areas of minimal siting preference

B3, Topic 8, Further Reading2

Distance_Routing

Infrastructure_Routing

2003.10

October

2003

Think with Maps to Evaluate Alternative Routes  describes procedures for comparing routes

B3, Topic 8, S4

Distance_Routing

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2003.09

September

2003

A Recipe for Calibrating and Weighting GIS Model Criteria  identifies procedures for calibrating and weighting map layers in GIS models

B3, Topic 8, S3

Distance_Routing

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2003.08

August

2003

Consider Multi-Criteria When Routing  discusses the construction of a discrete “cost/avoidance” map and optimal path corridors

B3, Topic 8, S2

Distance_Routing

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2003.07

July

2003

A Three-Step Process Identifies Preferred Routes  describes the basic steps in Least Cost Path analysis

B3, Topic 8, S1

Distance_Routing

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2002.10

October

2002

Accumulation Surfaces Connect Bus Riders and Stops  discusses an accumulation surface analysis procedure for linking riders with bus stops

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading8

Distance_Routing

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2001.05

May

2001

Consider Slope and Scenic Beauty in Deriving Hiking Maps  describes a general procedure for weighting friction maps to reflect different objectives

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading7

Distance_Routing

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2001.04

April

2001

Derive and Use Hiking-Time Maps for Off-Road Travel  discusses procedures for establishing hiking-time buffers responding to off-road travel 

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading6

Distance_Routing

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

1998.04

April

1998

Continued Analysis of In-Store Movement and Sales Patterns  describes the use of temporal analysis and coincidence mapping to enhance shopping patterns 

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading14

Distance_Routing

GeoBusiness_InStoreMovement

1998.03

March

1998

Further Analyzing In-Store Movement and Sales Patterns  discusses how map analysis is used to investigate the relationship between shopper movement and sales

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading13

Distance_Routing

GeoBusiness_InStoreMovement

1998.02

February

1998

GIS Analyzes In-Store Movement and Sales Patterns  describes a procedure using accumulation surface analysis to infer shopper movement from cash register data

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading12

Distance_Routing

GeoBusiness_InStoreMovement

1992.12

December

1992

Twists and Contortions Lead to Connectivity  describes procedures for calculating optimal paths and routing corridors

B1, Topic 9, S4

Distance_Routing

Basic_ConceptsAnalyticOperations

2009.01

January

2009

Follow These Steps to Map Potential Sales — describes an extensive geo-business application that combines retail competition analysis and product sales prediction

B4, Topic 7, Further Reading4

Distance_TravelTime

GeoBusiness_RetailMarketing

2002.06

June

2002

Use Travel Time to Connect with Customers  describes techniques for optimal path and catchment analysis

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading11

Distance_TravelTime

GeoBusiness_RetailMarketing

2002.04

April

2002

Maps and Curves Can Spatially Characterize Customer Loyalty  describes a technique for characterizing customer sensitivity to travel-time

B3, Topic 4, Further Reading10

Distance_TravelTime

GeoBusiness_RetailMarketing

2002.03

March

2002

Use Travel Time to Identify Competition Zones